Augmenting ECG Data with Multiple Filters for a Better Emotion Recognition System


Hasnul, Muhammad Anas and Ab Aziz, Nor Azlina and Abd. Aziz, Azlan (2023) Augmenting ECG Data with Multiple Filters for a Better Emotion Recognition System. Engineering Letters. ISSN 2193-567X

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A physiological-based emotion recognition system (ERS) with a unimodal approach such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) is not as popular compared to a multimodal approach. However, a single modality has the advantage of lower development and computational cost. Therefore, this study focuses on a unimodal ECG-based ERS. The ECG-based ERS has the potential to become the next mass-adopted consumer application due to the wide availability of wearable and mobile ECG devices in the market. Currently, ECG-inclusive affective datasets are limited, and many of the existing datasets have small sample sizes. Hence, ECG-based ERS studies are stunted by the lack of quality data. A novel multi-filtering augmentation technique is proposed here to increase the sample size of the ECG data. This technique augments the ECG signals by cleaning the data in different ways. Three small ECG datasets labelled according to emotion state are used in this study. The benefit of the proposed augmentation techniques is measured using the classification accuracy of five machine learning algorithms; k-nearest neighbours (KNN), support vector machine, decision tree, random forest and multilayer perceptron. The results show that with the proposed technique, there is a significant improvement in performance for all the datasets and classifiers. KNN classifier improved the most with the augmented data and the reported classification accuracies of over 90%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emotion recognition, Electrocardiogram, Affective computing, Augmentation, Filter, Machine learning
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA71-90 Instruments and machines > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 04:02
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2023 04:02


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