Modified TPACK Framework for Teachers’ Efficiency, Students’ Performance and Students’ Engagement


Lai, Daniel and Lew, Sook Ling and Ooi, Shih Yin (2022) Modified TPACK Framework for Teachers’ Efficiency, Students’ Performance and Students’ Engagement. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 235. pp. 827-835. ISSN 2367-3370

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In the digital era, the environment of the classroom had gone through a drastic change where technology is slowly being introduced. Instead of conducting classes and lessons through the traditional or rather conventional way of teaching, the integration of educational technology in the classroom is being practiced recently. As teachers are the person who is being dedicated to deliver and transfer knowledge to students, their capabilities and abilities in conducting classes and lessons effectively are being spotlighted by society. Hence, for teachers to be well prepared in conducting classroom activities, a modified TPACK framework is proposed to assist teachers from seven aspects, which are technological knowledge, pedagogical knowledge and content knowledge, technological content knowledge, technological pedagogical knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge and last but not least technological pedagogical content knowledge since the thoroughness of teachers’ knowledge on the stated seven aspects will be affecting how they handled classes and lessons effectively. Since the existing TPACK framework in assessing teachers’ general knowledge about technology and how it interrelates with their pedagogical and content knowledge, the integration of the mobile interactive system with on-screen writing can further narrow down the scope focusing on how skillful and efficient are they to integrate mobile technology into classes and lessons. As a solution, this study found that the implementation of a mobile interactive system with an on-screen writing feature as the integration of educational technology in the classroom tailored for students who needed extra attention is effective in terms of preparing teaching plans and teaching materials. Therefore, this study will be resulting in different levels of teachers’ efficiency, students’ engagement and students’ performance in classroom teaching and learning. This study intends to identify how TPACK framework elements interrelate with each other and the relationship between modified framework and teachers’ efficiency, students’ performance and students’ engagement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Educational technology, TPACK framework, technology integration, teaching and learning process, interactivity and engagement, mobile interactive system, mobile technology
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1025-1050.75 Teaching (Principles and practice)
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2022 02:16
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2022 02:16


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