How older adults’ health beliefs affect intention to perform COVID-19 self-examination: A reasoned action approach


Lai, Kim Piew and Chong, Siong Choy and Lin, Binshan (2023) How older adults’ health beliefs affect intention to perform COVID-19 self-examination: A reasoned action approach. Human Systems Management, 42 (5). pp. 569-587. ISSN 0167-2533

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BACKGROUND: COVID-19 self-examination is a significant part of the national recovery plan against the virus. Although it is easier to perform COVID-19 self-examination (CSE), only a small percentage of people prefer it. There are no precise statistics on CSE in Malaysia, but informal data from news agencies imply low CSE. Lack of awareness and conflicting information about the reliability of CSE results may have raised concerns about CSE’s efficacy and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates how Malaysian older adults’ health beliefs influence their intention to perform CSE. The study developed a framework combining illness threats (ITH), perceived barriers (PBA), medical motivations (MMO), and control over illness (COI) from the Health Belief Model (HBM) with the Reasoned-Action Approach’s attitude (ATT), perceived control (PCO), and intention (INT). METHODS: Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) analyses were conducted with AMOS 26 software to determine the influence of HBM on older adults’ attitude, perceived control, and intention. The study collected 200 data for the pilot study and 400 data for hypotheses testing. RESULTS: ITH, MMO, and COI have positive effects, whilst PBA affects ATT negatively. ITH and COI positively impact PCO, and PCO has a greater significant effect on INT than ATT. CONCLUSION: Given the HBM’s role in influencing older adults’ intention to perform COVID-19 self-examination, providing different levels of care and emphasising the perception of knowledge of illness are especially beneficial. Several recommendations are made to ensure that CSE remains relevant for older adults’ well-being, although COVID-19’s impact has become more stabilised.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health belief model, reasoned-action approach, COVID-19, self-examination, older adults, Malaysia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001-6182 Business > HF5601-5689 Accounting. Bookkeeping
Divisions: Faculty of Business (FOB)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 02:12
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 02:12


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