A proposed integrated happiness framework to achieve sustainable development


Choon, Shay Wei and Yong, Chia Chi and Tan, Siow Kian and Tan, Siow Hooi (2022) A proposed integrated happiness framework to achieve sustainable development. Heliyon, 8 (10). e10813. ISSN 2405-8440

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S2405844022021016-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB)


Given the global call for more non-GDP-based indicators of national well-being, this study proposes a model incorporating economic and psychological (happiness) indicators. Considering the subjective nature of happiness, happiness measurements should incorporate individuals' inner strengths and satisfaction with their external environment. Furthermore, although numerous studies have found that positive psychology approaches can improve happiness, they have yet to be incorporated into any happiness models. Hence, this study proposes an integrated happiness framework that covers objective economic and subjective happiness factors to measure well-being beyond GDP. The study tests the model using survey data from Malaysia as a case study. A total of 1,368 participants were recruited with probability proportional to size. The study discovered that Malaysians’ inner strengths are rated higher than their external conditions. It seems Malaysians do not live in a way that cultivates their virtues. Overall, the study suggests that inner strength is crucial in shaping happiness (150 words).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: GDP, Positive psychology, Happiness measurement, Outer indicator, Inner indicator
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001-6182 Business > HF5546-5548.6 Office management > HF5548.32-.34 Electronic commerce
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 07:12
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 07:12
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/10571


Downloads per month over past year

View ItemEdit (login required)