Quad-Band Rectenna for Ambient Radio Frequency (RF) Energy Harvesting


Roy, Sunanda and Tiang, Jun Jiat and Roslee, Mardeni and Ahmed, Md Tanvir and Kouzani, Abbas Z. and Mahmud, M. A. Parvez (2021) Quad-Band Rectenna for Ambient Radio Frequency (RF) Energy Harvesting. Sensors, 21 (23). p. 7838. ISSN 1424-8220

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RF power is broadly available in both urban and semi-urban areas and thus exhibits as a promising candidate for ambient energy scavenging sources. In this research, a high-efficiency quad-band rectenna is designed for ambient RF wireless energy scavenging over the frequency range from 0.8 to 2.5 GHz. Firstly, the detailed characteristics (i.e., available frequency bands and associated power density levels) of the ambient RF power are studied and analyzed. The data (i.e., RF survey results) are then applied to aid the design of a new quad-band RF harvester. A newly designed impedance matching network (IMN) with an additional L-network in a third-branch of dual-port rectifier circuit is familiarized to increase the performance and RF-to-DC conversion efficiency of the harvester with comparatively very low input RF power density levels. A dual-polarized multi-frequency bow-tie antenna is designed, which has a wide bandwidth (BW) and is miniature in size. The dual cross planer structure internal triangular shape and co-axial feeding are used to decrease the size and enhance the antenna performance. Consequently, the suggested RF harvester is designed to cover all available frequency bands, including part of most mobile phone and wireless local area network (WLAN) bands in Malaysia, while the optimum resistance value for maximum dc rectification efficiency (up to 48%) is from 1 to 10 kΩ. The measurement result in the ambient environment (i.e., both indoor and outdoor) depicts that the new harvester is able to harvest dc voltage of 124.3 and 191.0 mV, respectively, which can be used for low power sensors and wireless applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antennas (Electronics), Log-periodic antenna, quad-band rectifier, RF energy harvesting
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK7871 Electronics--Materials
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2022 08:02
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 08:02
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/9854


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