The control of corruption and energy efficiency relationship: an empirical note


Solarin, Sakiru Adebola and Al-Mulali, Usama and Ozturk, Ilhan (2019) The control of corruption and energy efficiency relationship: an empirical note. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0944-1344, 1614-7499

[img] Text
129.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (261kB)


This study aims at exploring the impact of corruption control on energy efficiency in 60 countries categorized by income: lower middle (LMI), upper middle (UMI), and high (HI). Panel methodology was utilized taking the period of 2000–2017. As cross-sectional dependence is confirmed among the tested equations, the Pesaran (J Appl Econ 22(2):265–312, 2007) unit root test and the augmented mean group estimator proposed by Eberhardt and Teal (2010) were utilized to overcome this matter. The results in general indicate that the lower the corruption is, the more the energy efficiency for all income group economies. Moreover, renewable energy reduces energy efficiency in lower-middle income and high-income economies while its effect is positive in middle-income economies. In addition, the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) found to be present in all income group economies. Lastly, causality relationships among energy efficiency, corruption, and GDP were present mostly in upper-middle income and high-income economies. From the results, it was recommended that the countries from all income groups should increase their corruption control for the purpose of enhancing energy efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy efficiency, The control of corruption, Renewable energy consumption, GDP
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9000-9999 Special industries and trades
Divisions: Faculty of Business (FOB)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 03:32
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 03:32


Downloads per month over past year

View ItemEdit (login required)