Development and Validation of a Malay Version of the Questionnaire on Pornography Attitudes and Exposure for Youth in Kelantan


Ab Rahman, Azriani and Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail and Abdul Rahman, Razlina and Arifin, Wan Nor and Ahmad, Mokhtarrudin (2020) Development and Validation of a Malay Version of the Questionnaire on Pornography Attitudes and Exposure for Youth in Kelantan. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 27 (2). pp. 129-150. ISSN 1394-195X

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Background: The aim of the study is to develop and validate the Malay version of the questionnaire assessing the extent of pornography exposure (PORQUE) among youth in Kelantan. Methods: ‘Youth’ was defined as a person aged between 15 and 24 years, while ‘pornography’ refers to any material that depicts sexual activity or erotic behaviour. The development phase consisted of a literature review, an expert panel review, face validation and a pre-test. Fifty college students from a randomly selected higher learning institutions were invited to participate in the pilot test, whereas 150 and 198 different students from the same institutions participated in exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), respectively. Results: EFA suggested a five-factor solution with factor loadings ranging from 0.449 to 0.891 and a Cronbach’s alpha ranging from 0.904 to 0.966. The CFA of the attitude questions also proved a good fitting model with good fit indices: comparative fit index (CFI) robust = 0.907; Tucker-Lewis fit index (TLI) robust = 0.901; root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) robust = 0.073; standardised root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.060. The factor loadings ranged from 0.544 to 0.906, whereas the Raykov’s rho ranged from 0.886 – 0.974. Conclusion: Based on EFA and CFA, the attitude sections of the newly developed Malay version of the PORQUE were found to be psychometrically valid.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Youth development, pornography questionnaire, youth, development, validation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > HQ503-1064 The family. Marriage. Home > HQ793-799.2 Youth. Adolescents. Teenagers
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Communication (FAC)
Depositing User: Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2020 20:16
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 20:16


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