In Silico Analysis Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Of Endocytosis Genes Involved In Alzheimer's Disease


Tey, Han Jieh (2019) In Silico Analysis Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Of Endocytosis Genes Involved In Alzheimer's Disease. Masters thesis, Multimedia University.

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From genome wide association studies on Alzheimer’s disease (AD), it has been shown that many single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes of different pathways affect the disease risk. One of the pathways is endocytosis, and variants in these genes may affect their functions in amyloid precursor protein (APP) trafficking, amyloid-beta (Aβ) production as well as its clearance in the brain. This study used computational methods to predict the effect of novel SNPs, including untranslated region (UTR) variants, splice site variants, synonymous SNPs (sSNPs) and nonsynonymous SNPs (nsSNPs) in three endocytosis genes associated with AD, namely PICALM, SYNJ1 and SH3KBP1. All the variants’ information was retrieved from the Ensembl genome database, following which different variation prediction analyses were performed. UTRScan was used to predict UTR variants while MaxEntScan was used to predict splice site variants. Meta-analysis by PredictSNP2 was used to predict sSNPs. Parallel prediction analyses by five different software packages including SIFT, PolyPhen-2, MutationAssessor, I-Mutant-2.0 and SNPs&GO were used to predict the effects of nsSNPs. The level of evolutionary conservation of deleterious nsSNPs was further analysed using ConSurf server. Mutant protein structures of deleterious nsSNPs were modelled and refined using SPARKS-X and ModRefiner for structural comparison.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Call No.: QH447.6 .T49 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Single nucleotide polymorphisms
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2020 20:16
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 20:16


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