Optimized Two-Tier Caching with Hybrid Millimeter-Wave and Microwave Communications for 6G Networks


Sheraz, Muhammad and Chuah, Teong Chee and Roslee, Mardeni and Ahmed, Manzoor and Iqbal, Amjad and Al-Habashna, Ala’a (2024) Optimized Two-Tier Caching with Hybrid Millimeter-Wave and Microwave Communications for 6G Networks. Applied Sciences, 14 (6). p. 2589. ISSN 2076-3417

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Data caching is a promising technique to alleviate the data traffic burden from the backhaul and minimize data access delay. However, the cache capacity constraint poses a significant challenge to obtaining content through the cache resource that degrades the caching performance. In this paper, we propose a novel two-tier caching mechanism for data caching on mobile user equipment (UE) and the small base station (SBS) level in ultra-dense 6G heterogeneous networks for reducing data access failure via cache resources. The two-tier caching enables users to retrieve their desired content from cache resources through device-to-device (D2D) communications from neighboring users or the serving SBS. The cache-enabled UE exploits millimeter-wave (mmWave)-based D2D communications, utilizing line-of-sight (LoS) links for high-speed data transmission to content-demanding mobile UE within a limited connection time. In the event of D2D communication failures, a dual-mode hybrid system, combining mmWave and microwave μ Wave technologies, is utilized to ensure effective data transmission between the SBS and UE to fulfill users’ data demands. In the proposed framework. the data transmission speed is optimized through mmWave signals in line-of-sight (LoS) conditions. In non-LoS scenarios, the system switches to μ Wave mode for obstacle-penetrating signal transmission. Subsequently, we propose a reinforcement learning (RL) approach to optimize cache decisions through the approximation of the Q action-value function. The proposed technique undergoes iterative learning, adapting to dynamic network conditions to enhance the content placement policy and minimize delay. Extensive simulations demonstrate the efficiency of our proposed approach in significantly reducing network delay compared with benchmark schemes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: caching; delay; D2D; mmWave; microwave; RL; time-varying popularity
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101-6720 Telecommunication. Including telegraphy, telephone, radio, radar, television
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 30 May 2024 02:38
Last Modified: 30 May 2024 02:38
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/12485


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