Wellbeing with mindfulness for B40 and M40 income earners in Malaysia


Zaidi, Fatin Zaida (2022) Wellbeing with mindfulness for B40 and M40 income earners in Malaysia. Masters thesis, Multimedia University.

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Official URL: http://erep.mmu.edu.my/


Malaysia, especially the government, is concerned about low and middleincome earners (B40 and M40) and giving them cash aid, as these income earners struggle to meet their basic needs. With heated discussions on the high cost of living and prices of goods, examining how mindfulness as a cognitive asset inherent in our human capacity can mitigate stress levels and improve well-being in the modern yet busy world is crucial. This study examines the relationship between mindfulness and the subjective and psychological well-being of B40 and M40 income earners. This study further examines the mediation effect of perceived stress and financial desire discrepancy between mindfulness and well-being. An experimental study was employed to assess the respondents before and after four weeks of mindfulness training intervention, known as the Corporate Wellness Program. The Corporate Wellness Program consists of four weekly online webinars guided by a qualified trainer and 60 minutes of home practises per week using the mindfulness app, MindFi. The respondents were B40 and M40 income earners from various industries, divided into two groups: an intervention group (n=95) or a control group (n=31) who completed pre- and post-assessment of mindfulness training intervention. In assessing the effectiveness of mindfulness training intervention, the data collected were analysed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The findings indicated that the respondents' mindfulness level in the intervention group increased after four weeks. Both subjective and psychological well-being showed an increase in mean and significant results of p<0.1, respectively. The stress level and financial desires were also found to be reduced. In comparison, the respondents in the control group have lower mindfulness and psychological well-being levels after four weeks. A structural model was built using PLS-SEM, with a goodness of fit structural model of 0.076, indicating a positive relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being, specifically life satisfaction (β=0.162, p<0.05). This study contributes evidence of mindfulness practises to increase well-being and reduce stress levels among B40 and M40 income earners. Therefore, there is a strong need for mindfulness practises in B40 and M40 daily life to better cope with life's challenges and stressful events during these uncertain times. The Ministry of Health is suggested to provide them with formal or informal mindfulness practises to enhance their well-being and reduce stress.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Call No.: HN25 .F38 2022
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quality of life
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 08:00
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 08:00
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/11860


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