An ensemble deep learning classifier stacked with fuzzy ARTMAP for malware detection


Al-Andoli, Mohammed Nasser and Tan, Shing Chiang and Sim, Kok Swee and Goh, Pey Yun and Lim, Chee Peng (2023) An ensemble deep learning classifier stacked with fuzzy ARTMAP for malware detection. Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, 44 (6). pp. 10477-10493. ISSN 1064-1246

Full text not available from this repository.


Malicious software, or malware, has posed serious and evolving security threats to Internet users. Many anti-malware software packages and tools have been developed to protect legitimate users from these threats. However, legacy anti-malware methods are confronted with millions of potential malicious programs. To combat these threats, intelligent anti-malware systems utilizing machine learning (ML) models are useful. However, most ML models have limitations in performance since the training depth is usually limited. The emergence of Deep Learning (DL) models allow more training possibilities and improvement in performance. DL models often use gradient descent optimization, i.e., the Back-Propagation (BP) algorithm; therefore, their training and optimization procedures suffer from local sub-optimal solutions. In addition, DL-based malware detection methods often entail single classifiers. Ensemble learning overcomes the shortcomings of individual techniques by consolidating their strengths to improve the performance. In this paper, we propose an ensemble DL classifier stacked with the Fuzzy ARTMAP (FAM) model for malware detection. The stacked ensemble method uses several heterogeneous deep neural networks as the base learners. During the training and optimization process, these base learners adopt a hybrid BP and Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm to combine both local and global optimization capabilities for identifying optimal features and improving the classification performance. FAM is selected as a meta-learner to effectively train and combine the outputs of the base learners and achieve robust and accurate classification. A series of empirical studies with different benchmark data sets is conducted. The results ascertain that the proposed ensemble method is effective and efficient, outperforming many other compared methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Particle swarm optimization, backpropagation algorithm
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA71-90 Instruments and machines > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET)
Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 02:22
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 02:22


Downloads per month over past year

View ItemEdit (login required)