Predictive Churn Modeling for Sustainable Business in the Telecommunication Industry: Optimized Weighted Ensemble Machine Learning


Khoh, Wee How and Pang, Ying Han and Ooi, Shih Yin and Wang, Lillian Yee Kiaw and Poh, Quan Wei (2023) Predictive Churn Modeling for Sustainable Business in the Telecommunication Industry: Optimized Weighted Ensemble Machine Learning. Sustainability, 15 (11). p. 8631. ISSN 2071-1050

[img] Text
sustainability-15-08631-v2.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (6MB)


Customers are prominent resources in every business for its sustainability. Therefore, predicting customer churn is significant for reducing churn, particularly in the high-churn-rate telecommunications business. To identify customers at risk of churning, tactical marketing actions can be strategized to raise the likelihood of the churn-probable customers remaining as customers. This might provide a corporation with significant savings. Hence, in this work, a churn prediction system is developed to assist telecommunication operators in detecting potential churn customers. In the proposed framework, the input data quality is improved through the processes of exploratory data analysis and data preprocessing for identifying data errors and comprehending data patterns. Then, feature engineering and data sampling processes are performed to transform the captured data into an appropriate form for classification and imbalanced data handling. An optimized ensemble learning model is proposed for classification in this framework. Unlike other ensemble models, the proposed classification model is an optimized weighted soft voting ensemble with a sequence of weights applied to weigh the prediction of each base learner with the hypothesis that specific base learners in the ensemble have more skill than others. In this optimization, Powell’s optimization algorithm is applied to optimize the ensemble weights of influence according to the base learners’ importance. The efficiency of the proposed optimally weighted ensemble learning model is evaluated in a real-world database. The empirical results show that the proposed customer churn prediction system achieves a promising performance with an accuracy score of 84% and an F1 score of 83.42%. Existing customer churn prediction systems are studied. We achieved a higher prediction accuracy than the other systems, including machine learning and deep learning models.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: churn prediction; business sustainability; telecommunication; ensemble learning; weight optimization
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA71-90 Instruments and machines > QA75-76.95 Calculating machines
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2023 03:43
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2023 03:43


Downloads per month over past year

View ItemEdit (login required)