A comparative study of deep learning and Internet of Things for precision agriculture


Saranya, T. and Deisy, C. and Sridevi, S. and Sonai Muthu Anbananthen, Kalaiarasi (2023) A comparative study of deep learning and Internet of Things for precision agriculture. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 122. p. 106034. ISSN 0952-1976

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Precision farming is made possible by rapid advances in deep learning (DL) and the internet of things (IoT) for agriculture, allowing farmers to upgrade their agriculture operations to sustainably fulfill the future food supply. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of recent research contributions in DL and IoT for precision agriculture. This paper surveys the diverse research on DL applications in agriculture, such as detecting pests, disease, yield, weeds, and soil, including fundamental DL techniques. Also, the work describes the IoT architecture and analyzes sensor categorization, agriculture sensors, and unmanned arial vehicles (UAVs) used in recent research. Besides that, data acquisition, annotation, and augmentation for agriculture datasets were covered, and a few widely used datasets were listed. This work also discusses some challenges and issues that DL and IoT face. Furthermore, the research proposed a bootstrapping approach of Transfer learning where fine-tuned VGG16 is fused with optimized and improved newly built fully connected layers for pest detection. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated and compared with other models, such as custom VGG16 as a classifier; fine-tuned VGG16 is optimized with other optimizers like SGD, RMSProp, and Adam. The results show that the proposed model for pest detection outperforms all other models with an accuracy of 96.58 % and a loss of 0.15%. The review and the proposed work presented in this paper will significantly direct researchers toward DL and IoT for intelligent farming.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep learning (DL)Internet of Things (IoT)Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV)SensorTransfer learning (TL)OptimizerAnd precision agriculture
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1060 Learning
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 02 May 2023 02:08
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 02:08
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/11361


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