Anomaly Prediction in Electricity Consumption Using a Combination of Machine Learning Techniques


ELhadad, Rawan and Tan, Yi Fei and Tan, Wooi Nee (2022) Anomaly Prediction in Electricity Consumption Using a Combination of Machine Learning Techniques. International Journal of Technology, 13 (6). p. 1317. ISSN 2086-9614

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Electricity demand is increasing proportionally to the increase in power usage. Without a doubt, energy efficiency has gained significant importance and attention, with one of the primary concerns being the detection and forecasting of abnormal consumption. In this paper, the authors proposed a method to predict the occurrence of abnormal consumption behavior in advance. The proposed method utilizes the Isolation Forest algorithm to label the smart meter electricity consumption readings as normal or abnormal. It generates a sequence of data with varying lengths. Based on the data sequence, two supervised machine learning algorithms, Random Forest, and Decision Tree were developed to forecast the occurrence of power anomaly consumption. Experiment results showed that the proposed methods consistently detect and predict the abnormal status 30 minutes ahead. There is no significant difference between Random Forest and Decision Tree performance on different smart meter readings, dataset sizes, and other data sequence lengths. The proposed methods portray an alternative approach that is capable of auto-label normal and abnormal data and, as a result, dealing with the sequence of label data in the prediction process while avoiding the dynamic behavior of the power consumption data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Decision Tree, Isolation Forest, Power consumption anomaly, Prediction, Random Forest
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK9900-9971 Electricity for amateurs. Amateur constructors' manuals
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2022 02:55
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 02:55


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