A low power 50 Hz argon plasma for surface modification of polytetrafluoroethylene


Lau, Yen Theng and Chiu, Wee Siong and Lee, Hong Chun and Woo, Haw Jiunn and Chin, Oi Hoong and Tou, Teck Yong (2022) A low power 50 Hz argon plasma for surface modification of polytetrafluoroethylene. Plasma Science and Technology, 24 (11). p. 114001. ISSN 1009-0630

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The characteristics of a low power 50 Hz argon plasma for surface treatment of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) film is presented in this article. The current–voltage behavior of the discharge and time-varying intensity of the discharge showed that a DC glow discharge was generated in reversed polarity at every half-cycle. At discharge power between 0.5 and 1 W, the measured electron temperature and density were 2–3 eV and ∼108 cm−3, respectively. The optical emission spectrum of the argon plasma showed presence of some 'impurity species' such as OH, N2 and H, which presumably originated from the residual air in the discharge chamber. On exposure of PTFE films to the argon glow plasma at pressure 120 Pa and discharge power 0.5 to 1 W, the water contact angle reduced by 4% to 20% from the original 114° at pristine condition, which confirms improvement of its surface wettability. The increase in wettability was attributed to incorporation of oxygen-containing functional groups on the treated surface and concomitant reduction in fluorine as revealed by the XPS analysis and increase in surface roughness analyzed from the atomic force micrographs. Ageing upon storage in ambient air showed retention of the induced increase in surface wettability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plasma
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA2001-2040 Plasma engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 03:10
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2022 03:10
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/10461


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