Weibull-Fréchet random path length model for avalanche gain and noise in photodiodes


Ong, Duu Sheng and Tan, Ai Hui and Choo, Kan Yeep and Yeoh, Keat Hoe and David, John P. R. (2022) Weibull-Fréchet random path length model for avalanche gain and noise in photodiodes. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 55 (6). 065105. ISSN 0022-3727

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A four-parameter Weibull-Fréchet (WF) distribution function has been introduced in the random path length (RPL) model for nonlocal modelling of soft-threshold ionisation in semiconductors. The WF function has been demonstrated to be capable of reproducing the realistic probability distribution function (PDF) of electron and hole ionisation path lengths extracted from full band Monte Carlo (FBMC) transport simulations of bulk GaAs. The electron-initiated multiplication in GaAs avalanche photodiodes (APDs) calculated by the WF-RPL model is in excellent agreement with the results from FBMC. The predicted excess noise factor is closer to that of FBMC as compared to the hard threshold RPL model. The advantage of this improved RPL model as a tool for predicting the PDF of electron and hole ionisation path lengths in AlAs0.56Sb0.44 from the experimentally measured avalanche gain and noise has been analysed. The electron ionisation path length PDF of AlAs0.56Sb0.44 has a unique feature of two decay rates with a narrow full width at half maximum and a long tail. The extremely low hole ionisation coefficient in AlAs0.56Sb0.44 is found with a PDF of ionisation path length spanning over 50 µm at an electric field of 600 kVcm−1, supporting the very low hole feedback ionisation in AlAs0.56Sb0.44 APDs. The combination of the detailed and peaked electron's ionisation path length PDF and of the broad hole's ionisation path length PDF is responsible for the extremely low avalanche noise in the 1.55 µm thick AlAs0.56Sb0.44 APDs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photodiodes
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK8300-8360 Photoelectronic devices (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2022 03:01
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2022 03:01
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/9955


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