Person authentication based on eye-closed and visual stimulation using EEG signals


Yap, Hui Yen and Choo, Yun Huoy and Mohd Yusoh, Zeratul Izzah and Khoh, Wee How (2021) Person authentication based on eye-closed and visual stimulation using EEG signals. Brain Informatics, 8 (1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2198-4018

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The study of Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based biometric has gained the attention of researchers due to the neurons’ unique electrical activity representation of an individual. However, the practical application of EEG-based biometrics is not currently widespread and there are some challenges to its implementation. Nowadays, the evaluation of a biometric system is user driven. Usability is one of the concerning issues that determine the success of the system. The basic elements of the usability of a biometric system are effectiveness, efficiency and user satisfaction. Apart from the mandatory consideration of the biometric system’s performance, users also need an easy-to-use and easy-to-learn authentication system. Thus, to satisfy these user requirements, this paper proposes a reasonable acquisition period and employs a consumer-grade EEG device to authenticate an individual to identify the performances of two acquisition protocols: eyes-closed (EC) and visual stimulation. A self-collected database of eight subjects was utilized in the analysis. The recording process was divided into two sessions, which were the morning and afternoon sessions. In each session, the subject was requested to perform two different tasks: EC and visual stimulation. The pairwise correlation of the preprocessed EEG signals of each electrode channel was determined and a feature vector was formed. Support vector machine (SVM) was then used for classification purposes. In the performance analysis, promising results were obtained, where EC protocol achieved an accuracy performance of 83.70–96.42% while visual stimulation protocol attained an accuracy performance of 87.64–99.06%. These results have demonstrated the feasibility and reliability of our acquisition protocols with consumer-grade EEG devices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Authentication, Brainwaves, Biometrics, Acquisition protocols, Electroencephalography, ERP
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2021 06:01
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2021 06:01


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