Household Income Gap: Evidence from Malaysia


Zainudin, Mohammad Zuhairie and Ong, Hway Boon and Chong, Choy Yoke (2021) Household Income Gap: Evidence from Malaysia. In: 2nd Post Graduate Social Science Colloquium Proceedings 2021, 8-9 June 2021, Cyberjaya, Malaysia. (Submitted)

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Equitable growth is a necessary part of socioeconomic development and household income is a part of that socioeconomic dimension. Malaysian household is categorized into three groups of households, which is the bottom 40%, middle 40%, and top 20%. These groups are a cut-off points of the household income levels for the 7.3 million households in 2019. Furthermore, the household income gap between these three groups has increased over the past 20 years. Household income gap adverse consequences led to several disadvantages and distortion such as, slow and weak economic growth, social conflict, vulnerable to depression, undercuts the progress in education and health, raise economic and political instability that reduces investment. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conduct an empirical analysis on how physical capital, human capital, technological progress, and education spending affecting household income gap in 13 Malaysian states and 3 federal territories.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: 2nd Post Graduate Social Science Colloquium Proceedings 2021 (Book of Abstract)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Household income, B40/M40/T20, FMOLS and DOLS, panel cointegration, granger causality
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic theory. Demography > HB522-715 Income. Factor shares
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 09:24
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 09:24


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