A Low Profile, Dual-band, Dual Polarized Antenna for Indoor/Outdoor Wearable Application


Tan, Kim Geok and Lo, Yew Chiong and Tariqul Islam, Mohammad and Kamarudin, Muhammad Ramlee and Soh, Ping Jack and Abdul Rahim, Sharul Kamal and Paracha, Kashif Nisar (2019) A Low Profile, Dual-band, Dual Polarized Antenna for Indoor/Outdoor Wearable Application. IEEE Access, 7. pp. 33277-33288. ISSN 2169-3536

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A planar, low-profile, dual-band and dual-polarized antenna on a semi-flex substrate is proposed in this paper. The antenna is fabricated on Rogers substrate with a thickness of 3.04 mm and sized at 70.4×76.14×3.11 mm 3 (0.37λ 0 ×0.40λ 0 ×0.016λ 0 ) only. The circular polarization property is enabled in the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) L1/E1 (lower) band by introducing a complementary split ring resonator on the antenna patch. Meanwhile, the antenna operates in the second (upper) 2.45 GHz WLAN band is enabled by etching a U-shaped slot on its ground plane. This simultaneous, dual-band and dual-polarized operation enables the proposed antenna to be applied in the indoor/outdoor wearable application. To isolate the antenna against the influence of the human body, a multiband artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) plane is added on the reverse side of the dual-band radiator. Comparison of the antenna without AMC in free space and when evaluated on the chest of a human body backed by AMC showed improved gain; from 3-5.1 dBi in the lower band, and from 1.53-5.03 dBi in the upper band. Besides that, the front-to-back ratio of the AMC backed monopole antenna also improved from 11-21.88 dB and from 2.5-24.5 dB in the GNSS and WLAN bands, respectively. Next, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of the monopole antenna with and without the AMC plane is assessed. Evaluation results indicate that the maximum SAR value decreased by up to 89.45 % in comparison with the antenna without AMC in the lower band. This indicates the effectiveness of the AMC array in increasing gain and FBR, besides reducing EM absorption in the human body.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wearable antennas,dual-band antennas
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101-6720 Telecommunication. Including telegraphy, telephone, radio, radar, television
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 01:15
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 01:15
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/9208


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