Economic and Environmental Sustainability through Green Composting: A Study among Low-Income Households


Al Mamun, Abdullah Sarwar and Hayat, Naeem and Malarvizhi, Chinnasamy Agamudai Nambhi and Zainol, Noor Raihani (2020) Economic and Environmental Sustainability through Green Composting: A Study among Low-Income Households. Sustainability, 12 (16). p. 6488. ISSN 2071-1050

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Climate change hinders economic growth across the globe, whereas green products and/orthe adoption of green practices can effectively mitigate the deteriorating conditions of climate. A largeproportion of the world population is living in remote areas with low income, and they should beincluded in the mitigation efforts to reduce the damaging effects of climate change. Therefore, thisstudy intends to examine the intentions and behaviors towards green composting among low-incomerural households to generate income, improve agricultural productivity, and reduce dependencyon chemical fertilizers. This study adopted a cross-sectional research design and used structuredinterviews to collect quantitative data from 420 low-income households living in rural areas inPeninsular Malaysia. This study adopted the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and extended theTPB by embedding the constructs of perceived benefits and eco-literacy into the attitude towards theenvironment, normative beliefs by extending the subjective norms, and perception of startup resourcesby extending the perceived behavioral control. The study outcomes revealed that eco-literacy andperceived benefits had a significantly positive effect on attitude towards the environment; normativebelief on subjective norms; perception of startup resources on perceived behavioral control; attitudetowards the environment on subjective norms; perceived behavioral control on intention towardsgreen composting; and intention towards green composting on green composting adoption behavior.The findings may serve as a guideline to policymakers for the adoption of composting, which canmitigate environmental issues in addition to generating economic activities for low-income residentsin Peninsular Malaysia. The study’s limitations and future research opportunities are reported as well.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sustainable construction, climate change, economic–ecological sustainability, low-income household, green composting, rural Malaysia
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction > TH845-895 Architectural engineering. Structural engineering of buildings
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2020 13:05
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2020 13:05


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