Segmenting Retinal Blood Vessels with Gabor Filter and Automatic Binarization


Ali, Aziah and Hussain, Aini and Wan Zaki, Wan Mimi Diyana (2018) Segmenting Retinal Blood Vessels with Gabor Filter and Automatic Binarization. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (4). pp. 163-167. ISSN 2227-524X

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For timely diagnosis of retinal disease, routine retinal monitoring of people with high risk should be put in place. To assist the ophthalmologists in performing retinal analysis efficiently and accurately, numerous studies have been conducted to propose an automated retinal diagnosis system. One of the crucial steps for such a system is accurate detection of retinal blood vessels from retinal image. In this paper, we investigated the use of automatic binarization methods on pre-processed fundus image to detect retinal blood vessels. Three methods for binarization were investigated in this study, namely Otsu’s method, ISODATA and K-means clustering method. The resulting binarized output indicated good detection of large vessels but most of the smaller vessels were left undetected. To address this issue, Gabor wavelet filter was used to enhance the small blood vessel structures before binarization of the filter output. Combining the binary images from both binarization with and without Gabor filter resulted in significant improvement of the overall detection rate of the retinal blood vessels. The proposed method proved to be comparable to other unsupervised techniques in the literature when validated using the publicly available fundus image database, DRIVE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood vessel
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Computing and Informatics (FCI)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2021 13:57
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 13:57


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