Examining the impacts of oil price changes on economic indicators: A panel approach


Lim, Kah Boon and Sek, Siok Kun (2017) Examining the impacts of oil price changes on economic indicators: A panel approach. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1830. 080016. ISSN 1551-7616

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The impact of oil price on global economy is evident from many studies and research findings. In this study, we extend the research on examining the impact of oil price changes on economic indicators in terms of economic growth and inflation by comparing different groups of economies (high income versus low income countries and oil importing versus oil exporting countries). Our main objective is to reveal if such impact varies across country income level/ development and oil dependency. In addition, we also seek to compare the impacts of oil price relative to the other factors indicators (money supply, foreign direct investment, exchange rate, government expenditure, inflation and gross domestic product) on economy. For the purpose of this study, the co-integration regression (DOLS and FMOLS) techniques are applied to the panel dataset of four groups of economies which contain 10 countries in each panel dataset. The analysis results show that oil price is not the main determinant although it can have a significant impact on inflation and economic growth across all groups of economies. The three main determinants of economic growth are exchange rate, aggregate demand and government expenditure while the determinants of inflation are aggregate supply and exchange rate. Furthermore, our result also concludes that oil price has a positive impact in oil exporting economies but it shows a negative impact in oil importing economies due to the oil dependency factor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economic indicators
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Business (FOB)
Depositing User: Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 16:57
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 16:57
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/7099


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