## Citation

Aliman, Mohamad Nizam and Abas, Khairul Hamimah and Najib, Muhammad Sharfi and Ab Aziz, Nor Azlina and Mohamad, Mohd Saberi and Ibrahim, Zuwairie (2016)*Gravitational search algorithm: R is better than R2?*ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (7). pp. 4904-4910. ISSN 1819-6608

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## Abstract

Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) is a metaheuristic population-based optimization alg orithm inspired by the Newtonian law of gravity and law of motion. Ever since it was introd uced in 2009, GSA has been employed to solve various optimization problems. Despite its superior performance, GSA has a f undamental problem. It has been revealed that the force calculation in GSA is not genuinely based on the Newtonia n law of gravity. Based on the Newtonian law of gravity, force between two masses in the universe is inversely pr oportional to the square of the distance between them. However, in the original GSA, R is used instead of R 2 . In this paper, the performance of GSA is re-evaluated considerin g the square of the distance between masses, R 2 . The CEC2014 benchmark functions for real-parameter single objec tive optimization problems are employed in the evaluation. An important finding is that by considering the square of the distance between masses, R 2 , significant improvement over the original GSA is observed provid ed a large gravitational constant should be used at the beginning of the optimization process.

Item Type: | Article |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | gravitational search algorithm, newtonian law of gravity, law of motion |

Subjects: | T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) |

Divisions: | Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET) |

Depositing User: | Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab |

Date Deposited: | 15 Nov 2017 18:23 |

Last Modified: | 23 Aug 2021 01:16 |

URII: | http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/6478 |

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