Coherent study in policy instruments and policy levers in competitive sports in schools in Malaysia


CN Jacobs, CJ Gletus Matthews and Abdul Hamid, Mohamed Ishak and Narayanasamy, Kogilah (2014) Coherent study in policy instruments and policy levers in competitive sports in schools in Malaysia. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 5 (4). pp. 47-50. ISSN 2289 - 1552

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This research critically evaluates the weaknesses and obstacles faced in the implementation of sports policies in the multilingual Malaysian schools which comprise mainly of government managed schools and national type schools which are largely ethnically based. The understanding of the joint responsibility of the Federal, the local government and the school management involvement in sports is an essential ingredient in analysing sports in the school which faces enormous challenges, largely due to the ethnic divide in schools and thereby an ethnic inequality. The government policies as well as government assertion on this issue and the extent to which they are centrally controlled, leave very little space at the grass root level for greater expression in implementing sports policies. This correspondingly reduced or even eliminated the role of the local government who should have been an integral part of the policy maker. The development of competitive sports in schools had often been highlighted at the ministerial level but appears to be not sufficiently researched and so strategies and measures remain obscure. The consequence of this was that there are no known major policy concerns relating to sports curriculum in schools and hence sports among students in schools were largely individual or collective efforts. The research methodology involves primary data collection which are obtained from the responses on the questionnaires who were made up of educationist, sports organisers, and policy makers. Sampling based on academic work of other researchers in this area are scrutinised, reviewed and summarised for the purpose of a well organised analysis. This article examines and evaluates the centralising of sports policies by the government,while stressing the need for freedom of expression at the grass - roots and ascending beyond ethnic divide in achieving interculturalism in sports, in a polarised society of Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Kuala Lumpur International Business, Economics and Law Conference 5 (KLIBEL5); 29-30 Nov 2014; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sports, Government, Multi-Ethnicity, Interculturalism
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law (FOL)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 04:59
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 08:13


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