## Citation

Ting, Choo Yee and Ho, Chiung Ching and Cheah, Wei Nam (2013)*Student engagement modeling using Bayesian Networks.*In: 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. IEEE, pp. 2939-2944. ISBN 978-1-4799-0652-9

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## Abstract

Modeling student engagement in computer-based scientific inquiry learning environments presents two challenges. First, extracting the variables that represent a student's engagement in learning and defining the causal relationships among them can be difficult. Such variables are often implicit due to the unobservable nature of mental model. Second, identifying the evidence from student interaction log to infer a student's engagement level is also a major challenge. Such challenge stemmed mainly because students are granted the freedom to formulate and evaluate hypotheses in computer-based scientific inquiry learning environments, not all interactions can be useful to infer the student's engagement level. As such, the assumption that the frequency of interactions correlates with the level of student engagement can often be misleading. Therefore, this research work attempted to identify the variables of student engagement and to determine the Bayesian Network that can capture the causal relationships between the variables. In this study, two variations of Bayesian Network model were handcrafted with the prior probabilities learned using the interaction logs of 54 students. The predictive accuracy of proposed models were benchmarked against Naive Bayes, Decision Tree, and Support Vector Machine. The empirical findings showed that the Bayesian Network model with convergence arc directions outperformed other models, suggesting it is an optimal model for modeling student engagement in INQPRO.

Item Type: | Book Section |
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Subjects: | Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA71-90 Instruments and machines > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science |

Divisions: | Faculty of Computing and Informatics (FCI) |

Depositing User: | Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah |

Date Deposited: | 19 Feb 2014 09:20 |

Last Modified: | 17 Dec 2014 02:59 |

URII: | http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/5282 |

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