Computation of cryptographic keys from face biometrics

Goh,, A and Ngo,, DCL (2003) Computation of cryptographic keys from face biometrics. COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA SECURITY, 2828 . pp. 1-13. ISSN 0302-9743

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Abstract

We outline cryptographic key-computation from biometric data based on error-tolerant transformation of continuous-valued face eigenprojections to zero-error bitstrings suitable for cryptographic applicability. Biohashing is based on iterated inner-products between pseudorandom and user-specific eigenprojections, each of which extracts a single-bit from the face data. This discretisation is highly tolerant of data capture offsets, with same-user face data resulting in highly correlated bitstrings. The resultant user identification in terms of a small bitstring-set is then securely reduced to a single cryptographic key via Shamir secret-sharing. Generation of the pseudorandom eigenprojection sequence can be securely parameterised via incorporation of physical tokens. Tokenised bio-hashing is rigorously protective of the face data, with security comparable to cryptographic hashing of token and knowledge key-factors. Our methodology has several major advantages over conventional biometric analysis ie elimination of false accepts (FA) without unacceptable compromise in terms of more probable false rejects (FR), straightforward key-management, and cryptographically rigorous commitment of biometric data in conjunction with verification thereof.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2011 00:09
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2011 00:09
URI: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/2599

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