Characterization of Ionization Phenomena in Soils Under Fast Impulses

Nor, N.M. and Haddad, A. and Griffiths, H. (2006) Characterization of Ionization Phenomena in Soils Under Fast Impulses. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 21 (1). pp. 353-361. ISSN 0885-8977

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2005.852352

Abstract

Protective devices such as spark gaps and surge arresters are used to divert surges to earth. It is, therefore, necessary that earthing systems are designed with a low-magnitude earth impedance value so that the overvoltage protection devices can divert high fault currents effectively to earth for all types of fault. Power frequency characterization of earthing systems is extensively researched and fairly well understood. However, the behavior of such systems under transient conditions is still not fully clarified. This paper addresses some of these shortfalls. Laboratory experiments were set up to study the characteristics of the ionization phenomenon in various soil conditions. The soil ionization characteristics were investigated using a proposed new concept of pre- and post-ionization resistances. A measurement technique was developed to establish more accurate estimates of ionization electric field threshold, and an equivalent circuit representation is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Rosnani Abd Wahab
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2011 06:53
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 06:53
URI: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/2031

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