High-efficiency Low-cost Smart IoT Agriculture Irrigation, Soil's Fertility and Moisture Controlling System


Haziq, Mohamed and Pang, Wai Leong and Chan, Kah Yoong and Lee, It Ee and Chung, Gwo Chin and Wong, Sew Kin (2022) High-efficiency Low-cost Smart IoT Agriculture Irrigation, Soil's Fertility and Moisture Controlling System. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (6). pp. 785-793. ISSN 2332-2268

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The world's population increased exponentially and more food is required to support the growing population. However, the existing agriculture solutions are too costly for small-scale farmers. This has motivated us to design a Smart IoT Agriculture System (SIAS) to monitor and control the soil's moisture and fertility levels. SIAS is a low-cost Internet of Things (IoT) solution that used an online app to monitor and control water consumption and the soil's fertility level. ESP8266 microcontroller is used in SIAS to automatically control the irrigation system that consists of a soil moisture sensor, thermal probe, and water pump. The pH sensor is used to monitor the soil's fertility level. The data collected from the IoT sensors are uploaded to the ThingSpeak cloud database through WiFi. Blynk app is used to control the SIAS on the smartphone. The prototype development, implementation details and the optimal operation condition of SIAS are reported in this paper. SIAS with a total cost of USD46 is proven to have lower water consumption (85% lower), real-time monitoring of the soil's fertility and a better crop growth rate compared to the existing conventional watering timer system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smart Agriculture, Internet of Things, Fertility, Irrigation, Low-cost
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD1401-2210 Agriculture
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101-6720 Telecommunication. Including telegraphy, telephone, radio, radar, television
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2023 03:16
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2023 03:16
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/11223


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