An Integrated Lightning Risk Assessment of Outdoor Air-Insulated HV Substations


Siow, Chun Lim and Ong, Chang Shen and Ngu, Eng Eng (2022) An Integrated Lightning Risk Assessment of Outdoor Air-Insulated HV Substations. Energies, 15 (20). p. 7702. ISSN 1996-1073

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Although various lightning protection methods have been used in the industry, many outdoor high-voltage (HV) substations are still experiencing high failure rates due to lightning strikes. The applications of these rule-of-thumb-based methods generally lack coherence among the practitioners. IEC 62305-2 provides a systematic way for practitioners to assess the lightning risk for buildings or structures in a probabilistic way. However, this standard has not explicitly covered the application of HV substations. Moreover, IEC 62305-2 involves a tedious set of risk factors which may hinder many practitioners from applying the aforementioned standards while other preferred rule-of-thumb methods are available. As IEC 62305-2 does not specify the applicability to lightning risk assessment in HV substations, this paper proposes a novel approach to complement the standard-based risk assessment process. During this integrated risk assessment process, significant risks are identified, followed by ambiguous risks that will be adjusted in subsequent phases. The significant ambiguous risk factors such as fire load function (rf), environmental factor (CE), LPL class, and other governing factors have been analyzed and discussed. By adjusting these significant risk factors, the practitioners will understand the adjusted risk factors in relation to the practical implementation of lightning protection system (LPS). Therefore, integrating the substation characteristics, assumptions, and findings of ambiguous risk factors can result in a successful integrated lightning risk assessment process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lightning risk assessment, high-voltage substation, integrated process, risk factors, IEC 62305-2, striking distance
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK7871 Electronics--Materials
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2022 02:51
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 02:51


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