Post-Flood UAV-Based Free Space Optics Recovery Communications with Spatial Mode Diversity


Amphawan, Angela and Arsad, Norhana and Neo, Tse Kian and Jasser, Muhammed Basheer and Mohd Ramly, Athirah (2022) Post-Flood UAV-Based Free Space Optics Recovery Communications with Spatial Mode Diversity. Electronics (Switzerland), 11 (14). p. 2257. ISSN 2079-9292

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The deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for free space optical communications is an attractive solution for forwarding the vital health information of victims from a flood-stricken area to neighboring ground base stations during rescue operations. A critical challenge to this is maintaining an acceptable signal quality between the ground base station and UAV-based free space optics relay. This is largely unattainable due to rapid UAV propeller and body movements, which result in fluctuations in the beam alignment and frequent link failures. To address this issue, linearly polarized Laguerre–Gaussian modes were leveraged for spatial mode diversity to prevent link failures over a 400 m link. Spatial mode diversity successfully improved the bit error rate by 38% to 55%. This was due to a 10% to 19% increase in the predominant mode power from spatial mode diversity. The time-varying channel matrix indicated the presence of nonlinear deterministic chaos. This opens up new possibilities for research on state-space reconstruction of the channel matrix.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Free-space optical communication, spatial mode diversity, unmanned aerial vehicle, emergency recovery communications, floods
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101-6720 Telecommunication. Including telegraphy, telephone, radio, radar, television
Divisions: Faculty of Creative Multimedia (FCM)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 02:14
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2022 02:14


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