The Management and Sustainability of Offshore Sand Mining in Malaysia


Ali, Parveen Farjan and Goh, Guan Gan and Asmawi, Arnifa (2022) The Management and Sustainability of Offshore Sand Mining in Malaysia. In: Postgraduate Social Science Colloquium 2022, 1 - 2 June 2022, Online.

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Background - This century is witnessing an extraordinary urban evolution of cities expansion around the world at a leap and scale that never seen before in human history (UNEP, 2019). Offshore sand been dredge worldwide and reason for largest volumes been mined globally (GESAMP,2019). The immerse volumes of offshore been mined contribute to the negative impact to the marine environment and ecosystem, which have already anguish with numerous issues such as pollution, erosion and as well as effects of climate change environment (UNEP, 2019; GESAMP, 2019; Asabonga et al., 2017; UNEP, 2014). In particular, the inefficiency of the management on offshore sand mining have early identified as an issue on matter regarding marine resources as early as in 1970s and the highlighted issues is still come into the discussion when offshore sand mining is concern (Chen et al., 2019). Purpose - In Malaysia, there are many laws, policy and procedure been introduced and implement by government agencies to protect the marine environment. This also added to not a single legislation that govern, manages and control OSM management in Malaysia specifically (K Abdullah, 2013). The management in OSM in Malaysia involved numerous stakeholders and includes all three tier government in Malaysia involving federal, state and local government (Asmawi et al., 2015; Abdullah, 2013; Asmawi, 2012). Thus, it is rather impossible and challenging to fulfil and come to term by all the requirement and demand and always concerning the overall sustainability to be achieve in handling OSM (Asmawi et al., 2015). It is essential to conduct a study that is specifically fixated on Malaysia focusing on the management which will assist all the relevant authorities who require vibrant policy direction that is specifically relevant for the country unique characteristics holistically. The research objectives for this study are as stated below: 1) To determine the current policy, regulation imposed and initiatives by the government on offshore sand mining at Malaysia. 2) To identify the impact of the current offshore sand mining practices in the country from the environmental perspectives. 3) To interpret challenges face by the authorities in managing offshore sand mining. 4) To propose ways/best practices in which the offshore sand mining in Malaysia can work towards the attainment of sustainable management Research Methodology - The primary research design will be a qualitative method under the critical realism paradigm. It will utilize case study approach using in-depth interview using the semi-structured format and document reviews to gather data to achieve the research objectives of the study. The study will be conduct at the government organization including Federal government and State government where these organization approved the applicants to conduct the mining activities. Meanwhile the sample for the study will be the team members of stakeholders that have direct involvement in the management of offshore Sand Mining, these include officers from Federal and State government agencies, business owner and NGOs. Contribution - The expected contribution will be to suggests recommendations especially in the system that had led to various issued regarding offshore sand mining activities at Malaysia coastal region. The management of offshore sand mining in Malaysia involve multiples stakeholder which include the government agencies or department that played a vital part in the coastal activities. Thus, this study will provide important insights to Malaysian government for meeting the challenges in managing offshore sand mining. Research Limitations - The limitation of the study is the sample study requires qualified respondents with certain criterion with adequate level of commitment to participate thru ought the whole session. The selection of criteria is established in order to get the right person with the exact knowledge. However high cooperation and honesty are less as it required respondents time and uprightness. This study requires the commitment and honesty from the stakeholders in order to be conducted.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: offshore sand mining; sustainable; management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28-70 Management. Industrial Management > HD60-60.5 Social responsibility of business
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2022 01:13
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2022 07:56


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