Humanizing the Industry Revolution in Sustainable Supply Chain Management: A Case Study in Malaysian Manufacturing Industry


Ahamed, Munia and Abd Rahim, Mohd Fairuz and Ahmad, Abdul Aziz (2022) Humanizing the Industry Revolution in Sustainable Supply Chain Management: A Case Study in Malaysian Manufacturing Industry. In: Postgraduate Social Science Colloquium 2022, 1 - 2 June 2022, Online.

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Background - The next industrial revolution is referred to as Industry 5.0. Its goal is to combine the creativity of human professionals with efficient, intelligent, and precise technology in order to obtain resource-efficient and user-preferred production solutions. The highly automated environment enabled by Industry 4.0 puts humans at risk of losing their value. There is widespread agreement that the period of robotics and automation in past industrial revolutions caused paradigm transformations in the manufacturing industry globally (Doyle-kent, 2021). The fundamental contrast between Industry revolution 4.0 and Industry revolution 5.0 is the greater human-machine connection, which allows people to express themselves through individualized products and services (Ozkeser, 2019). The shift to Industry revolution 4.0, as well as the increased application of new digital technologies in industrial day-to-day operations, are posing new difficulties and opportunities in terms of the necessity of humans in the workplace and managing organization. To overcome these problems and capitalize on growth opportunities, new socio-technical and human-centered designs, methods, and approaches are required to lead the country towards a sustainable economy. Purpose - The goal of this research is to create a framework to aid in human well-being and system performance in the design of work systems associated with the application of new digital technologies in the IR5.0 transition. This research will give insights, suggestions, and descriptive frameworks to assist practitioners in (re)designing work systems in conjunction with the adoption of new digital technologies, which is a relatively unexplored topic. The major challenges to the transition from Industry revolution 4.0 to Industry revolution 5.0 in the Malaysian Manufacturing Industry will be described, and this thesis will also identify the effective impacts of implementing Industry 5.0 in terms of sustainability from an economic and productivity standpoint through research questions. The primary aim of these prescriptive interventions is to ensure human well-being and a smooth transition to Industry Revolution 5.0. Design/methodology/approach - This study's research design is an interpretive case study. According to Reeves and Hedberg (2003, p. 32), the "interpretivist" paradigm emphasizes the importance of contextualizing analysis. In the interpretive paradigm, individuals' subjective experiences are taken into account when trying to understand the world. For example, the interpretative method, which aims to understand the motivations and meaning behind social behavior, is used here. Face-to-face interviews with Malaysia's manufacturing industry will be used to gather data for this study. The CEO, managers, industry experts, and others are among those who will be interviewed. This study will be based on a series of exploratory case studies undertaken at Malaysian manufacturing firms that have already made the transition to Industry Revolution 4.0 and begun to integrate new digital technologies. NVivo will be used in this thesis to interpret and manage complex data, emergent ideas, patterns, and meanings. Expected Contributions - This study aims to identify a research gap in the nodes of Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0 in supply chain management via SLR in order to develop a framework to aid in human wellbeing and system performance in the design of work systems in connection with the implementation of new digital technologies in the transition to Industry 5.0. In practice, this research is expected to make recommendations on how manufacturing companies should manage IR4.0 technologies in combination with human expertise. Research limitations - Only 30% of the total Manufacturing company in Malaysia are practicing Industry revolution 4.0, to be precise 3300 companies registered with the Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers are dealing with Industry 4.0 technologies, it’s hard to get respondents due to limited access. The number of participants can be increased to collect data and opinions from other parts of the world in the future. Future researchers may validate the hypothesis through a quantitative study. Originality - While there has been a significant amount of research to analyze sustainability in IR4.0, very less studies discussed humanizing factors in Industry revolution 4.0 in Malaysian manufacturing sectors in terms of supply chain management. It’s hard to get proper empirical data and conceptual framework in the context of the Industry revolution 5.0 phenomenon in supply chains.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Industry revolution 4.0, Industry revolution 5.0, Humanizing factors, Sustainable supply chain, Manufacturing industry.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9000-9999 Special industries and trades
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2022 00:14
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2022 08:06


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