Plasmonic Micro-Channel Assisted Photonic Crystal Fiber Based Highly Sensitive Sensor for Multi-Analyte Detection


Kamrunnahar, Q. M. and Haider, Firoz and Aoni, Rifat Ahmmed and Mou, Jannatul Robaiat and Shifa, Shamsuttiyeba and Begum, Feroza and Abdul Rashid, Hairul Azhar and Ahmed, Rajib (2022) Plasmonic Micro-Channel Assisted Photonic Crystal Fiber Based Highly Sensitive Sensor for Multi-Analyte Detection. Nanomaterials, 12 (9). p. 1444. ISSN 2079-4991

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A dual-channel propagation controlled photonic crystal fiber (PCF)-based plasmonic sensor was presented to detect multiple analytes simultaneously. Plasmonic micro-channels were placed on the outer surface of the PCF, which facilitates an easy sensing mechanism. The sensor was numerically investigated by the finite element method (FEM) with the perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary conditions. The proposed sensor performances were analyzed based on optimized sensor parameters, such as confinement loss, resonance coupling, resolution, sensitivity, and figure of merit (FOM). The proposed sensor showed a maximum wavelength sensitivity (WS) of 25,000 nm/refractive index unit (RIU) with a maximum sensor resolution (SR) of 4.0 × 10−6 RIU for channel 2 (Ch-2), and WS of 3000 nm/RIU with SR of 3.33 × 10−5 RIU for channel 1 (Ch-1). To the best of our knowledge, the proposed sensor exhibits the highest WS compared with the previously reported multi-analyte based PCF surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. The proposed sensor could detect the unknown analytes within the refractive index (RI) range of 1.32 to 1.39 in the visible to near infrared region (550 to 1300 nm). In addition, the proposed sensor offers the maximum Figure of Merit (FOM) of 150 and 500 RIU−1 with the limit of detection (LOD) of 1.11 × 10−8 RIU2/nm and 1.6 × 10−10 RIU2/nm for Ch-1 and Ch-2, respectively. Due to its highly sensitive nature, the proposed multi-analyte PCF SPR sensor could be a prominent candidate in the field of biosensing to detect biomolecule interactions and chemical sensing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface plasmon resonance, photonic crystal fiber, optical fiber sensors, multi-analyte detection
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK8300-8360 Photoelectronic devices (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2022 01:37
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 01:37


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