Effect of bias voltage on the electrochromic properties of WO3 films


Chan, Kah Yoong and Au, Benedict Wen Cheun and Pang, Wai Leong and Lee, Chu Liang and Wong, Sew Kin and Mustafa, Abd Hamid (2019) Effect of bias voltage on the electrochromic properties of WO3 films. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1349 (012040). pp. 1-6. ISSN 17426-588, 1742-6596

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Electrochromism is the phenomena of reversible colour change in electrochromic (EC) materials due to a small applied voltage. Tungsten oxide (WO3) is one of the most studied cathodic electrochromic materials for its applications in smart windows, displays and rear-view ymirrors. In this work, WO3 films were fabricated on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass via the sol-gel spin-coating method. The influence of bias voltage on the EC properties of the fabricated WO3 films was studied. The optical properties were characterised by using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometer and the EC properties were characterised by the chronoamperometry (CA) method. The fabricated WO3 films exhibited an optical transmittance of 80 % in the visible range. CA measurements revealed an increase in colouring and bleaching time and intercalated charge density as bias voltage was increased. Moreover, the colouring and bleaching transmittance of the WO3 films were found to decrease as bias voltage was increased. Within our measurement range, bias voltage of 1.0 V was found to be the optimum bias voltage where it corresponds to 34 % optical modulation and higher colouration efficiency of 22.6 cm2/C.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tungsten oxide
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200-248 Chemicals: Manufacture, use, etc.
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Suzilawati Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 02:28
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2022 02:28
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/9310


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