An integrated hybrid energy harvester for autonomous wireless sensor network nodes

Uz-Zaman, A.S. M. Mukter and Wong, Hin Yong and Islam, Md. Shabiul and Amin, Nowshad (2014) An integrated hybrid energy harvester for autonomous wireless sensor network nodes. International Journal of Photoenergy, 2014. ISSN 1687-529X

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Official URL: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijp/2014/760534/

Abstract

Profiling environmental parameter using a large number of spatially distributed wireless sensor network (WSN) NODEs is an extensive illustration of advanced modern technologies, but high power requirement for WSN NODEs limits the widespread deployment of these technologies. Currently, WSN NODEs are extensively powered up using batteries, but the battery has limitation of lifetime, power density, and environmental concerns. To overcome this issue, energy harvester (EH) is developed and presented in this paper. Solar-based EH has been identified as the most viable source of energy to be harvested for autonomous WSN NODEs. Besides, a novel chemical-based EH is reported as the potential secondary source for harvesting energy because of its uninterrupted availability. By integrating both solar-based EH and chemical-based EH, a hybrid energy harvester (HEH) is developed to power up WSN NODEs. Experimental results from the real-time deployment shows that, besides supporting the daily operation of WSN NODE and Router, the developed HEH is capable of producing a surplus of 971 mA·hr equivalent energy to be stored inside the storage for NODE and 528.24 mA·hr equivalent energy for Router, which is significantly enough for perpetual operation of autonomous WSN NODEs used in environmental parameter profiling.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 06:49
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 09:47
URI: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/5865

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