The impact of AFTA on Japan-ASEAN trade flows

Chen, Chen Yong and Hui, Boon Tan (2007) The impact of AFTA on Japan-ASEAN trade flows. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 41. pp. 91-109. ISSN E-ISSN: 0126-1962 Print ISSN: 0126-1962

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Abstract

Japan and ASEAN have a friendly and cooperative relationship since the 1970s. Japan is one of the most important economic partners for ASEAN, and vice versa. Japan and ASEAN member countries pursue bilateral and regional approaches to free trade agreements in order to further enhance their competitiveness. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFT A) was established in 1992. Along with the regional approaches, the bilateral approach to economic partnership between Japan andASEAN is increasingly important in order to move toward greater economic integration inAsia. ASEAN has sustained trade deficits with Japan for a long time and its exports have been heavily reliant on Japanese market. From this point of view, Japan has been a relatively important market for ASEAN but not vice versa; and Japan has been a comparatively important supplier to ASEAN but not vice versa. Structural changes in the trading patterns between Japan and ASEAN in such a way that reflects a complementary relationship between the two regions remains in doubt. Although intra-ASEAN trade has registered growth after the implementation of AFTA, but ASEAN still encounters a large deficit with Japan. Therefore, changes in trade volume between Japan and ASEAN through the trade creation effect or trade diversion effect resulted from the establishment of AFTA are questionable. This study attempts to empirically examine the impact of AFTA on trade linkages between Japan and ASEAN-5 countries, namely, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines using annual data from 1970 to 2003. An estimation method known as Vector Error Correction Model was used. The result shows that although AFTA has led to trade creation between Japan and ASEAN-5 countries but trade relationship between Japan and ASEAN remains asymmetry.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Depositing User: Users 1102 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2013 00:16
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2013 00:16
URI: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/3819

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