High performance work practices and research and development performance in Malaysia

Citation

Mohd Hanafi, Mohd Shafiq (2019) High performance work practices and research and development performance in Malaysia. Masters thesis, Multimedia University.

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Abstract

Malaysian government has identified a lack of productivity in the country’s R&D performance despite the increasing trend in the number of researchers. Besides appointing R&D as a critical area in economic development, the 11th Malaysia Plan has stressed on building high quality human capital and innovation. Therefore, this research would like to propose write full term for HPWP here (HPWP) as a tool to increase R&D performance. Previous research has found that HPWP helps to influence employee ability, motivation besides providing them an opportunity to perform the job to be innovative and productive. This main purpose of this research is to study the implementation of HPWP in R&D organizations in Malaysia. In order to investigate the existing implementation of HPWP in R&D organizations, survey questions were distributed to R&D project leaders and members in government research institutes, private R&D companies, R&D units within the organization and universities. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), correlation analysis and regression analysis. This study found that there is no common set of R&D project performance indicators applicable in all four types of R&D organizations. In addition, the study found that, to a certain extent, innovation enhancing HPWP has already been implemented in these R&D organizations although the trends of implementation slightly differ from one to another. This study confirms that HPWP indeed has a positive relationship with R&D project performance; even though the regression analysis revealed that innovation-enhancing HPWP predicts only a small percentage of R&D project performance. Studying the implementation of HPWP at the R&D project level can help the policy makers to configure the HR policy in a comprehensive way to motivate the researchers to be more innovative and productive. Theoretically, this research contributes to the HPWP literature by extending the Social Exchange Theory (SET) to Malaysian R&D professionals in R&D project teams. In addition, this study fulfills the literature gap for more empirical research on HPWP within the context of Malaysian R&D organizations.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Call No.: HF5549.5.P35 M64 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Performance standards
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001-6182 Business > HF5549-5549.5 Personnel management. Employment management
Divisions: Faculty of Management (FOM)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 05:06
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 05:06
URII: http://shdl.mmu.edu.my/id/eprint/11099

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