Adaptive 1-dimensional time invariant learning for inertial sensor-based gait authentication


Permatasari, Jessica and Tee, Connie and Ong, Thian Song and Teoh, Andrew Beng Jin (2023) Adaptive 1-dimensional time invariant learning for inertial sensor-based gait authentication. Neural Computing and Applications, 35. pp. 2737-2753. ISSN 0941-0643

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Wearable-sensor gait signals processed using advanced machine learning algorithms are shown to be reliable for user authentication. However, no study has been reported to investigate the influence of elapsed time on wearable sensor-based gait authentication performance. This work is the first exploratory study that presents accelerometer and gyroscope signals from 144 participants with slow, normal, and fast walking speeds from 2 sessions (1-month elapse time) to evaluate IMU gait-based authentication performance. Gait signals are recorded in six positions (i.e., left and right pocket, left and right hand, handbag, and backpack). The users' identities are verified using a robust gait authentication method called Adaptive 1-Dimensional Time Invariant Learning (A1TIL). In A1TIL, 1D Local Ternary Patterns (LTP) with an adaptive threshold is proposed to extract discriminative time-invariant features from a gait cycle. In addition, a new unsupervised learning method called Kernelized Domain Adaptation (KDA) is applied to match two gait signals from different time spans for user verification. Comprehensive experiments have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of the proposed approach on a newly developed time invariant inertial sensor dataset. The promising result with an Equal Error Rate (EER) of 4.38% from slow walking speed and right pocket position across 1 month demonstrates that gait signals extracted from inertial sensors can be used as a reliable means of biometrics across time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Domain adaptation, Gait authentication, Inertial sensor
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK7871 Electronics--Materials
Divisions: Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FIST)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 03:33
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2023 06:09


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