Gap coupled symmetric split ring resonator based near zero index ENG metamaterial for gain improvement of monopole antenna


Moniruzzaman, Md. and Islam, Mohammad Tariqul and Samsuzzaman, Md. and M., M. Salaheldeen and Mohd Sahar, Norsuzlin and Al-Bawri, Samir Salem and Almalki, Sami H. A. and Alsaif, Haitham and Islam, Md. Shabiul (2022) Gap coupled symmetric split ring resonator based near zero index ENG metamaterial for gain improvement of monopole antenna. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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In this article, a symmetric split ring resonator (SRR) based metamaterial (MTM) is presented that exhibits three resonances of transmission coefficient (S21) covering S, C, and X-bands with epsilon negative (ENG) and near zero index properties. The proposed MTM is designed on an FR4 substrate with the copper resonator at one side formed with two square rings and one circular split ring. The two square rings are coupled together around the split gap of the outer ring, whereas two split semicircles are also coupled together near the split gaps. Thus, gap coupled symmetric SRR is formed, which helps to obtain resonances at 2.78 GHz, 7.7 GHz and 10.16 GHz with desired properties of the MTM unit cell. The MTM unit cell's symmetric nature helps reduce the mutual coupling effect among the array elements. Thus, different array of unit cells provides a similar response to the unit cell compared with numerical simulation performed in CST microwave studio and validated by measurement. The equivalent circuit is modelled for the proposed MTM unit cell in Advanced Design System (ADS) software, and circuit validation is accomplished by comparing S21 obtained in ADS with the same of CST. The effective medium ratio (EMR) of 10.7 indicates the compactness of the proposed MTM. A test antenna is designed to observe the effect of the MTM over it. Numerical analysis shows that the proposed MTM have an impact on the antenna when it is used as the superstrate and helps to increase the gain of the antenna by 95% with increased directivity. Thus, compact size, high EMR, negative permittivity, near zero permeability and refractive index makes this MTM suitable for S, C and X band applications, especially for antenna gain with directivity enhancement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metamaterials, Electrical and electronic engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics > TK7871 Electronics--Materials
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering (FOE)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2022 01:43
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 01:43


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