Identification of Crop Type Based on C-AENN Using Time Series Sentinel-1A SAR Data


Guo, Zhengwei and Qi, Wenwen and Huang, Yabo and Zhao, Jianhui and Yang, Huijin and Koo, Voon Chet and Li, Ning (2022) Identification of Crop Type Based on C-AENN Using Time Series Sentinel-1A SAR Data. Remote Sensing, 14 (6). p. 1379. ISSN 2072-4292

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Crop type identification is the initial stage and an important part of the agricultural monitoring system. It is well known that synthetic aperture radar (SAR) Sentinel-1A imagery provides a reliable data source for crop type identification. However, a single-temporal SAR image does not contain enough features, and the unique physical characteristics of radar images are relatively lacking, which limits its potential in crop mapping. In addition, current methods may not be applicable for time-series SAR data. To address the above issues, a new crop type identification method was proposed. Specifically, a farmland mask was firstly generated by the object Markov random field (OMRF) model to remove the interference of non-farmland factors. Then, the features of the standard backscatter coefficient, Sigma-naught (σ0), and the normalized backscatter coefficient by the incident angle, Gamma-naught (γ0), were extracted for each type of crop, and the optimal feature combination was found from time-series SAR images by means of Jeffries-Matusita (J-M) distance analysis. Finally, to make efficient utilization of optimal multi-temporal feature combination, a new network, the convolutional-autoencoder neural network (C-AENN), was developed for the crop type identification task. In order to prove the effectiveness of the method, several classical machine learning methods such as support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), etc., and deep learning methods such as one dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) and stacked auto-encoder (SAE), etc., were used for comparison. In terms of quantitative assessment, the proposed method achieved the highest accuracy, with a macro-F1 score of 0.9825, an overall accuracy (OA) score of 0.9794, and a Kappa coefficient (Kappa) score of 0.9705. In terms of qualitative assessment, four typical regions were chosen for intuitive comparison with the sample maps, and the identification result covering the study area was compared with a contemporaneous optical image, which indicated the high accuracy of the proposed method. In short, this study enables the effective identification of crop types, which demonstrates the importance of multi-temporal radar images in feature combination and the necessity of deep learning networks to extract complex features.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crop type identification, time-series images, deep learning, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), J-M distance, feature combination
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q300-390 Cybernetics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET)
Depositing User: Ms Nurul Iqtiani Ahmad
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2022 01:02
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2022 01:02


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